By Bart Geurts
Lately, volume implicatures - a kind of pragmatic inference - were greatly debated in linguistics, philosophy, and psychology, and feature been topic to a massive number of analyses, starting from lexical, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic, to numerous hybrid money owed. during this first book-length dialogue of the subject, Bart Geurts provides a idea of volume implicatures that's resolutely pragmatic, arguing that the orthodox Gricean method of conversational implicature is in a position to accounting for all of the normal circumstances of volume implicature, and extra. He indicates how the idea bargains with free-choice inferences as basically a backyard number of volume implicatures, and offers an in-depth remedy of so-called 'embedded implicatures'. in addition, in addition to providing a finished concept of volume implicatures, he additionally takes under consideration experimental info and processing matters. unique and pioneering, and warding off technical terminology, this insightful research might be beneficial to linguists, philosophers, and experimental psychologists alike.
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Lately, volume implicatures - one of those pragmatic inference - were largely debated in linguistics, philosophy, and psychology, and feature been topic to a massive number of analyses, starting from lexical, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic, to varied hybrid money owed. during this first book-length dialogue of the subject, Bart Geurts provides a idea of volume implicatures that's resolutely pragmatic, arguing that the orthodox Gricean method of conversational implicature is in a position to accounting for all of the normal circumstances of volume implicature, and extra.
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Ii. One possible explanation is that Clyde doesn’t need to be told where the eggs are. iii. And the most likely explanation for (ii) is that he found them. ) This is a bit sketchy, admittedly, and ﬂeshing out this story is not going to be trivial. But I take it that something along these lines will be needed to explain the inference Clyde’s question gives rise to, and that the skeletal form of this story is very similar to that of the Standard Recipe. In particular, both start out with the question why the speaker failed to produce a more speciﬁc utterance, though the way this question is answered is not exactly the same for interrogative and assertive speech acts.
That is to say, the Competence Assumption only has to rule out the possibility that Clyde hasn’t made up his mind as to whether (1*) is true: it has to eliminate the dithering space between Clyde’s believing that Bonnie stole all the pears and his believing that she didn’t. If Clyde was dithering on the matter, (1*) and ¬(1*) would both be possible for him, and (2) would be true: (2) PossC (1*) ∧ PossC (¬(1*)), or equivalently: ¬BelC (¬(1*)) ∧ ¬BelC (1*) The Competence Assumption is equivalent to the negation of (2).
5 for further discussion). , will not trigger Q-implicatures) unless it is relevant, and it can be relevant in at least three ways. The diﬀerence between ϕ and ψ may be (i) relevant to the purposes of the discourse, (ii) of potential interest to the hearer, or (iii) of general interest. These three options need not be disjoint, but they are not necessarily the same, either. Relevance isn’t one thing: there are a number of disparate factors that determine what is relevant and what is not, and while some of these factors are context dependent to a high degree, others are less so.
Quantity Implicatures by Bart Geurts