By Wendy Davies
Acts of Giving examines the problems surrounding donation --the giving of estate, frequently landed property--in northern ''Christian'' Spain within the 10th century, while written texts turned very ample, permitting us to glimpse the operating of neighborhood society. Wendy Davies explores who provides and who gets; what's given; purposes for giving; and where of giving in the advanced of social and financial relationships in society as an entire. humans gave land for every kind of purposes - simply because they have been compelled to take action, to fulfill accounts or pay fines; simply because they desired to achieve fabric merits in lifestyles, or to safe help within the brief time period or in previous age. Giving seasoned anima, for the sake of the soul, was once particularly restricted; and presents have been made to put people in addition to to the church. kin pursuits have been strongly sustained around the 10th century and didn't dwindle; family members land used to be break up and re-assembled, now not fragmented. The gender and standing of donors are key topics, in addition to commemoration: extra males than ladies took steps to memorialize, unlike a few elements of western Europe, and extra aristocrats than peasants, that's much less of a distinction. Donation as a kind of transaction is additionally tested, in addition to the insights into prestige afforded by means of the language and kind of the documents. trading, giving and receiving persevered within the tenth-century because it had for hundreds of years. although this era observed the quantity of peasant donation to the church expanding vastly. It used to be this which set the stipulations for monstrous social and fiscal swap.
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Extra resources for Acts of Giving: Individual, Community, and Church in Tenth-Century Christian Spain
Les tendances actuelles de l’histoire du moyen âge en France et en Allemagne (Paris, 2002), 53–69. ⁹⁶ The social range extends, however, in work such as M. Borgolte’s study of records of donation pro anima, ‘Gedenkstiftungen in St. Galler Urkunden’, in K. Schmid and J. ), Memoria. Der geschichtliche Zeugniswert des liturgischen Gedenkens im Mittelalter (Munich, 1984), 578–602. ⁹⁷ The tradition goes back to P. Guilhiermoz, Essai sur l’origine de la noblesse en France au moyen âge (Paris, 1902); more recently, G.
H. Rosenwein, To Be the Neighbor of Saint Peter: The Social Meaning of Cluny’s Property, 909–1049 (Ithaca, 1989). For gift exchange, M. Mauss’s Essai sur le don (Paris, 1925) was the essential stimulus; its inﬂuence on early medievalists has been widespread but the following papers have been particularly inﬂuential: P. , 9 (1959), 123–40, and W. Miller, ‘Gift, sale, payment, raid: case studies in the negotiation and classiﬁcation of exchange in medieval Iceland’, Speculum, 61 (1986), 18–50; cf.
En la Castilla del a˜no mil’, in M. I. ), Historia social, pensamiento historiográﬁco y edad media (Madrid, 1997), 273–98; Salrach, ‘Les féodalités méridionales’. See further below, pp. 28–30. ⁶¹ The terms used in the texts are often ambiguous; see A. Isla Frez, La sociedad gallega en la alta edad media (Madrid, 1992), 208–14, for discussion of terminological problems. e. ⁶⁵ Hereditary obligations smack of servility. In Galicia, in particular, people with hereditary obligations are named and listed in a manner which suggests that they had no option but to maintain their obligations; there were those who ⁶² Lii451; Sob130; see also below, pp.
Acts of Giving: Individual, Community, and Church in Tenth-Century Christian Spain by Wendy Davies