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Read e-book online A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 PDF

By Michael Bordo, Anna Schwartz

It is a well timed evaluation of the optimum masking the one hundred ten years of its operation until eventually 1931, whilst Britain deserted it in the middle of the melancholy. present dissatisfaction with floating premiums of trade has spurred curiosity in a go back to a commodity usual. The reports during this quantity have been designed to realize a greater knowing of the historic optimum, yet in addition they throw mild at the query of even if restoring it at the present time may support treatment inflation, excessive rates of interest, and occasional productiveness progress.
The quantity encompasses a overview of the literature at the classical highest quality; experiences the adventure with gold in England, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and Canada; and views on overseas linkages and the steadiness of price-level developments below the optimal. The articles and commentaries mirror powerful, conflicting perspectives between hte individuals on problems with principal financial institution habit, purchasing-power an interest-rate parity, self reliant financial regulations, fiscal development, the "Atlantic economy," and developments in commodity costs and long term rates of interest. this can be a considerate and provocative publication.

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Keynes and Viner discussed the inherent policy conflict between adherence to the gold standard and domestic economic activity, and addressed a plea for more international cooperation. Whale cast doubt on the stylized facts of how the gold standard worked, suggesting that perhaps the traditional approach was incorrect. 5 Post-World War II Reinterpreters In the post-World War II period, scholars reexamined the operation of the classical gold standard on the basis of new evidence and new theoretical and statistical tools.

5 Post-World War II Reinterpreters In the post-World War II period, scholars reexamined the operation of the classical gold standard on the basis of new evidence and new theoretical and statistical tools. The issues they stressed included the balance-ofpayments adjustment mechanism, capital flows, and rules of the game. The balance-of-payments adjustment mechanism under the gold standard was reexamined from a Keynesian perspective by Ford, from a modern quantity-theory perspective by Friedman and Schwartz, and from the perspective of the monetary approach to the balance of payments by Williamson, Triffin, and McCloskey and Zecher.

Armed with new theoretical and statistical tools and new compilations of data, the consensus of this work has been that the international gold standard did function smoothly in the sense of ensuring international price harmony, in allowing the international transfer of resources, and in maintaining balance-of-payments equilibria for most countries over long periods of time, but that many elements of the story-particularly the operation of the price-specie-flow mechanism and the importance of the rules of the game-were subject to doubt.

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A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 by Michael Bordo, Anna Schwartz


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