By Pradyot Patnaik
The definitive consultant to the detrimental homes of chemical compounds
Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their unsafe houses, A entire consultant to the unsafe houses of chemical compounds, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists. hence, it bridges the distance among harmful fabrics and chemistry. generally up to date and accelerated, this reference:
- Examines organics, metals and inorganics, commercial solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive components, masking every little thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
- Arranges harmful chemicals in line with their chemical constructions and sensible teams for simple reference
- Includes up-to-date details at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive houses of chemical substances
- Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
- Updates the edge publicity limits within the place of work air for a couple of substances
- Features the newest details on business solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
- Includes various tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference
since it presents details that permits people with a chemistry history to accomplish tests with no earlier facts, this complete reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to business hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat pros, and others in comparable fields.
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Additional info for A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances
Sulfonic acids are strong irritants. Many inorganic and organic chemicals are irritants to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. Concentrated acids and bases are highly corrosive. Highly water-reactive substances such as bromine pentaﬂuoride or other interhalogen compounds can burn the skin. Among the organic compounds, toxicity shows a general pattern of decrease with an increase in the carbon chain length. However, such a pattern is manifested above carbon 6 or 7 (C-6 or C-7) for many classes of compounds.
Acute toxicity is manifested from a single dose or one-time exposure within a short period of time, usually from a few minutes to several days. Chronic toxicity results from several exposures of small concentrations for a long period of time, usually over an 8-hour work shift. Certain substances cause illness after several years. Systemic effect is the toxic effect of a chemical at one area in the body, the chemical having entered the body at another point. When a substance affects the tissues at the point of contact or where it enters, it is termed as a local effect.
Therefore, knowledge on volatility of a substance is essential to assess its ﬁre, explosion, and toxic hazard and the risk of exposures, especially in conﬁned places. The volatility of a substance can be assessed from its vapor pressure and boiling point. The latter is deﬁned as the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the atmospheric pressure. At any temperature, including ambient conditions, any liquid will have some kind of vapor pressure. Such vapor pressure is related to the temperature and the intermolecular forces.
A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances by Pradyot Patnaik