By Stefan Berger
This significant other presents an outline of eu historical past in the course of the ''long'' 19th century, from 1789 to 1914. including 32 chapters written via best foreign students, it balances insurance of political, diplomatic and overseas background with dialogue of monetary, social and cultural issues. the quantity is split into six components, exploring: the assumption of ''Europeanness'' and the development of eu identification, The transition from an agricultural society to at least one in response to business construction and foreign alternate, Political advancements, together with the ‘age of revolution’, Labour events and the position of country and country, highbrow historical past, for instance the recent ideologies of Liberalism and SocialismThemes in cultural historical past, resembling literacy, technological know-how, policing and sexuality, the improvement of the overseas procedure of serious powers, and the similar questions of warfare, empire and colonialism. all through, the members conceal either jap and Western ecu states, together with Britain, and pay substantial cognizance to smaller nations in addition to to the nice powers. additionally they explicitly examine specific phenomena and advancements throughout Europe as a complete.
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11 The Rise of Nationalism One of the most informative phases in which to observe the imagery of Europe is during the time of the rise of nationalism. What effect did the intense visualization of nationalism have on the way in which the continent of the European nation-states was graphically portrayed? Since ancient times, there has been a long history of personification and other kinds of geographical imagery used for purposes of shorthand to identify certain towns, regions, provinces, and countries, as well as continents.
This process had begun with the crusades but it speeded up not least through the use of the new printed media. The Turkish peril was propagated as the main threat against Christianity in the Habsburg Empire and, albeit less intensely, in France and in the city states of what today is Italy. However, on the other side, in a contradictory way, the military and economic power struggle in the Levant between Habsburg, France, Spain, and the city states penetrated the ChristianIslamic/Ottoman divide and went in many respects beyond the religious dichotomy.
America is a dignified Indian brave, with a few feathers and a tomahawk, and bracelets on his biceps and ankles. Australia is a bare-breasted aborigine woman at his feet, holding a small child and looking somewhat resentful. ” Sets of playing cards were issued at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries, based on the four continents (suits) and countries (13 for each continent). Like the cigarette cards of half a century later, they are tacky and tawdry, but the imagery was powerfully spread through this form of “visual culture,” just as much as by grand public statuary.
A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Europe: 1789-1914 by Stefan Berger